Not known Factual Statements About Spark Plug

The spark plug is one essential part of the engine. Its function is to spark the air or fuel combination inside the engine cylinder. An electrical power is transferred into the ignition system and sparks the fuel as well as air blend in the engine combustion chamber. An additional feature of the ignition system is to help remove heat from the combustion chamber or the engine’s cylinder.

Like all other components found on a specific vehicle, ignition system can additionally ultimately wear as well as won’t function appropriately. As an proprietor, you ought to examine and also keep your spark plugs or change it if required. According to the Automobile Care Council, ignition system are typically replaced between driving series of concerning 30,000 and also 100,000 miles, depending on the lorry and spark plug kind (Volkswagen spark plug as an example). Understanding regarding ignition system procedure, maintenance, and also solution can increase engine performance, resulting to an improved driving efficiency. This article will certainly aid you out preserve as well as change your ignition system, presuming that you have a Volkswagen automobile.

Damages ignition system will turn on the SOLUTION ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light to show up on your automobile’s information panel. This is a indication that you should inspect your engine ignition system and other engine components for problems. When removing the spark plug, make use of a pressed air to blow out all foreign products like dirt or smoke leftovers around the base of the ignition system. Do not draw the Volkswagen spark plug cords. Rather, eliminate the spark plug from the terminal boot. You can do this by utilizing a phoned number clothespin to clip the cord.

Next, determine the proper cylinder with the spark plug as well as check for ignition system and cyndrical tube breakdowns. Beginning cleaning the ignition system with a normal solvent. Ensure to cleanse the paint insulation, and other dirt bits including carbon and also oxides left by fuels. After doing this, you can currently eliminate other undesirable fragments like dust (if ever before) in the cyndrical tube head string in addition to plug thread utilizing a steel brush. This will make sure a clean contact between the new spark plug and also the cyndrical tube. Finally, you ought to adjust the gap in between the ground and also electrode to the producer’s specs.

Now in setting up a new spark plug, always ensure cyndrical tube head strings and ignition system strings are completely tidy. You ought to additionally see to it to set the right gap on the new ignition system and install new gaskets. Nevertheless, if you have tapered spark plug, you are not called for to install a new gasket. Next, tighten up the plug utilizing your hand as limited as possible. Utilizing a wrench, further tighten up the plug to Volkswagen’s torque specifications, concerning 20 lb.-ft.

Ultimately, see to it that the spark plug cord is completely matched the plug terminal. Now that you have a brand-new ignition system installed, you need to frequently check it for maintenance.

know more about recycle spark plugs here.

Rumored Buzz on Website Design

Initial Stages Of Site Designing

There have actually been plenty of changes that have taken place regarding site design concepts are concerned and it has advanced as the moment progressed. The first page was simply a black plain text that was submitted as a web page on a site. There was no use of color or any type of graphics in the earlier times as well as even photos and also photos were used in a internet site just after couple of years. The intro of shade text as well as images in a web site layout was achieved only in the 90’s age. It was just in the late nineties that the internet site looked even more like a vivid brochure with all tinted tests as well as vibrant photos as well as illustrations in it.

Popularity Of Web

The growing need for web paved way for increasingly more designers to develop great and also appealing web sites for their clients. As the variety of people who intended to make the very best out of online company mushroomed, so the demand permanently as well as professional and out of the world assuming web design developers started to likewise mushroom. Many people started to pay good total up to the internet designers to get exceptional as well as eye catching web sites developed and also the net world was never the same again. Though the HTML, DHTML and Flash ideas were utilized to execute website design works, there was particular coding in addition to image representation restrictions with the table design that actually triggered a hindrance in the smooth development of sites.

Latest Fad Of Site Designing

The most up to date pattern that are made use of for website style functions by specialist and competent web site designers is the Cascading Style Sheets choices that does not need long codes for adding message along with graphics or photos in the website. Nowadays, the need for table layout is definitely no and the CSS principle is what is used by web designers to develop eye-catching looking sites that has the best mix of textual mater in addition to pictorial representations. Nowadays, website styles provide big value to the content of the website and just include graphics or images in the internet site whenever the requirement rises. The layouts that are produced for the internet sites are truly appealing and also enterprising to take a look at. It is essential for you to employ great and also reputed web site programmers who recognize how to bring in the people to your site with outstanding designs and make them experience your web content as opposed to just see the layouts that your web page contains. It is suitable for you to supply a straightforward as well as not fancy and also monotonous histories as the visitor to your internet site might be postponed by such showy or uninteresting designs that he or she does not review the good content that is printed o the internet site.

Final thought

So, with appropriate focus on good and also attractive yet straightforward layouts, great content with proper spacing and use pictures and also photos anywhere pertinent is the suitable internet site style option that you can ask your web site programmer to create for your service in order to bring in a lot of site visitors to your website as well as therefore raise your online organization.

know more about website design monthly packages here.

How To Put Together Your Printing Venture

Brochure printing services are 1 of the most useful services that you can use. They offer you fantastic depth in phrases of the choices that you can select in your design and in your concepts. Also, brochure printing solutions allows you to be creative in your design – particularly in creating the prints your own.

As far as your prospects are worried, your direct mail postcards reflect your company as a entire. So style matters. Inquire printing companies what kind of style choices they have. If they say they only do the printing, and that you’re on your own to create a style, maintain shopping!

The fourth site (also a very popular website) sells one,000 8.five X 11 tri-fold brochures on 100 Lb. gloss coated text with aqueous coating included has a price of $203.53. It has a turn-around time of 2 – four times and charges fourteen.53 for transport to a local zip code. Their total cost is $ 217.88.

Some fantastic options provided by the better san jose california 24 hours fast printing are online photo albums. Very affordable with most services memberships this is a great way for everybody to see up to date pictures on-line. you will be offered a web site that you can email to all your buddies and family. Some albums can be extremely simple and easy to update and handle but the more control and options that are provided the much more technical it will be.

Free file checks should be available on each job. Clients frequently make mistakes in their information that might not be noticed till the job is delivered. Make certain your printer checks your files for printing errors. DO NOT anticipate the printer to verify errors in your copy. Over the many years I noticed hundreds of job printed with the wrong address and or telephone numbers. This is your responsibility. That stated, if your Printing Service notices some thing that might be an mistake, you ought to be notified. It’s just the right factor to do. The bottom line is your Printing Service is not accountable for your errors.

Online printers are generally more inexpensive than nearby print retailers. This is simply because online retailers have a lot less overhead and therefore can transfer the financial savings on to the customers. However, you should look at the transport expenses for purchasing things like signs and banners and flyer printing. Depending on the size and excess weight of the merchandise you are purchasing, it could most likely increase the transport cost to much more than you would spend locally.

These are all symptoms of a printing company that doesn’t have satisfaction in its products and could care less about its clients. If this seems like what you are searching for in a printer, just look for the guy with a botched printing occupation tied around a brick, lurking outdoors the nearby print shop’s front window.

know more about san jose california 24 hours fast printing here.

The Single Best Strategy To Use For Health Insurance

While customers look for affordable health insurance, they have cost in their mind as the top concern. A general fertilization among the customers is that inexpensive health plans should not be costly-the most inexpensive health insurance plan readily available in the market is their target. Nevertheless, this strategy is bad. Often, spending for a affordable health insurance strategy however still not obtaining the called for level of coverage results just in wastefulness of cash.

With the implementation of the economical treatment act, the reach of budget friendly health insurance is set to raise. Or at least, this is what is believed to be the objective of health care reforms. Nonetheless, lots of consumers are still in confusion about just how points would function. In this article, we will certainly talk about some comprehensive choices that customers can attempt while wanting to acquire economical health insurance.

To get a hand on budget friendly medical insurance plans, customers require to take of specific things. First among them is about recognizing the options in the specific state of the home. There are lots of state and federal government-run programs that might be ideal for consumers. Knowing the options is quite vital. Next off would be to recognize the terms of all the programs and examine the eligibility standards each of them. Better, customers need to understand their legal rights after the execution of health care reforms, as well as something within a couple of days, they may get approved for a particular program or can be enabled to make use of a particular medical insurance plan. If consumers look after these steps, there is no reason why customers can’t come down on an affordable health insurance that can deal with the treatment needs.

Let’s discuss some alternatives associated with budget friendly medical insurance plans state-wise:

State-run budget friendly health insurance programs in California

While taking into consideration California, there are three economical health insurance plans that are run by the state federal government. Consumers can certainly obtain profited by these if they are eligible for the benefits.

• Major Danger Medical Insurance Program (MRMIP).

This program is a very useful one offering minimal health benefits to The golden state residents. If consumers are incapable to purchase health insurance due to a preexisting clinical condition, they can see if they receive this program and also obtain advantages.

• Healthy Households Program.

Healthy and balanced Family members Program uses Californians with inexpensive wellness, dental, and vision protection. This is primarily tailored to youngsters whose moms and dads make excessive to receive public assistance. This program is administered by MRMIP.

• Gain access to for Babies as well as Mommies Program ( GOAL).

Accessibility for Infants as well as Mothers Program offers prenatal and preventive care for pregnant women having reduced revenue in California. It is provided by a five-person board that has developed a extensive benefits package that consists of both inpatient and also outpatient care for program enrollees.

Some facts about affordable health insurance in Florida.

While talking about inexpensive health insurance options in Florida, consumers can consider listed below discussed alternatives:.

• Floridians that shed company’s group health insurance might qualify for COBRA continuation coverage in Florida. At the exact same time, Floridians, that shed team health insurance due to uncontrolled termination of work taking place in between September 1, 2008 and also December 31, 2009 may receive a federal tax obligation credit score. This credit aids in paying COBRA or state continuation protection premiums for as much as nine months.

• Floridians who had actually been uninsured for 6 months may be qualified to buy a restricted health and wellness advantage strategy via Cover Florida.

• Florida Medicaid program can be tried by Floridians having reduced or modest home revenue. With this program, pregnant females, family members with youngsters, medically clingy, elderly, and also disabled individuals may get assistance.

• Florida KidCare program can assist the Floridian youngsters under the age of 19 years and not eligible for Medicaid and currently without insurance or underinsured.

• A federal tax obligation credit history to assist pay for brand-new health and wellness insurance coverage to Floridians who lost their health and wellness insurance coverage but are receiving gain from the Profession Modification Help (TAA) Program. This credit scores is called the Health Protection Tax Obligation Credit Report (HCTC). At the exact same time, Floridians who are senior citizens and also are aged 55-65 and also are obtaining pension plan benefits from Pension Benefit Warranty Company (PBGC), may get approved for the HCTC.

Some facts about affordable health insurance in Virginia.

While speaking about economical health insurance options in Virginia, customers require to consider their legal rights:.

• Virginians that shed their company’s team health insurance might get COBRA or state extension insurance coverage in Virginia.

• Virginians must note that they deserve to purchase private health insurance plan from either Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield or CareFirst Blue Cross Blue Shield.

• Virginia Medicaid program aids Virginians having reduced or small household revenue may get approved for complimentary or subsidized health insurance coverage. Via this program, expectant women, families with youngsters, and also senior and also disabled people are helped.

• Household Accessibility to Medical Insurance Coverage Safety And Security (FAMIS) aids Virginian youngsters under the age of 18 years having no medical insurance.

• In Virginia, the Every Lady’s Life Program provides complimentary bust and cervical cancer screening. Via this program, if women are diagnosed with cancer, they might be qualified for treatment with the Virginia Medicaid Program.

Some truths concerning inexpensive health insurance in Texas.

While talking about budget-friendly medical insurance choices in Texas, consumers require to consider their civil liberties:.

• Texans who have team insurance policy in Texas can not be denied or limited in terms of insurance coverage, neither can be required to pay even more, because of the health standing. Additionally, Texans having team health insurance can’t have exclusion of pre-existing conditions.

• In Texas, insurance companies can not drop Texans off coverage when they get sick. At the same time, Texans who shed their team medical insurance yet are HIPAA eligible might look for COBRA or state extension coverage in Texas.

• Texas Medicaid program helps Texans having low or modest family revenue might qualify for cost-free or subsidized wellness protection. Through this program, expectant females, households with children, elderly as well as disabled individuals are helped. At the same time, if a lady is diagnosed with bust or cervical cancer cells, she may be qualified for medical care via Medicaid.

• The Texas Kid’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) offers subsidized wellness insurance coverage for certain uninsured kids. Additional kids in Texas can remain in their parent’s medical insurance policy as dependents till the age of 26 years. This provision has actually been implemented by the medical care reforms.

• The Texas Breast as well as Cervical Cancer Control program provides cost-free cancer screening for qualified homeowners. If a female is identified with bust or cervical cancer with this program, she might get medical care with Medicaid.

Similar to this, consumers need to think about state-wise choices when they search for economical health insurance coverage. It do without stating that looking around as well as obtaining oneself fully equipped with necessary information is virtually crucial to make certain customers have the appropriate kind of health plans.

know more about Supplemental Insurance here.

Do Guest Posts On Other Blogs Actually Bring Traffic?

Websites are indexed quickly by search engines. Opinions about the reasons why vary at the moment but I compare sites with sites and blog posts with pages.

Since blogs allow people to update regularly and tell personal stories, readers soon started after blogs of people they know. People also started following different blogs because the author had an attractive style, an interesting subject or for another reason. q&a keep information flowing between the writer and reader, or the organization and their readers. Sometimes people follow blogs simply to see what kind of battle or confrontations the writer will inflict!

Having said that, for people that are very technical, there’s software that will locate dofollow blogs, but I’m not terribly technical and so it’s beyond my abilities and inclination. Apparently it involves using proxies and applications called scrapebox, but I’ve never bothered. If this approach appeals to you, then I suggest exploring it further.

A permalink structure means that your blog posts will have better-looking url’s. Rather than finishing with some jumbled code, your url’s will appear neat, making it easier for search engine spiders to crawl your blog. This will improve the search engine positions of your blog.

Products that have affiliate programs get far more publicity. That is certainly correct of my online blogs marketing success blog, and it really is probably true of other sites. So how do blogs make money? By way of instance, I am a fan of let’s say magnetic sponsoring, but I have never ever posted a real write-up about it. I have also seen that when sites write about attraction marketing, they are likely to link to entrepreneurs who provide them an affiliate payment.

Many times you are able to only really know the motive of a blogger immediately once you get to know her or his character and nature. Just realize that many bloggers won’t be out to scam subscribers, but their links might or might not be influenced by their capacity to make money with that link.

What’s more, with blogs, you can adjust the settings so that every entry would be located in one separate web page. This means that if you publish 100 entries, all of which contain a link to your main website, you’d have 100 back links just like that!

Nothing that’s been mentioned here is tough. With the ideal efforts on your part you may ease your worries to a considerable extent. But then, you will need to have a passion for making this all happen. Over and above, you need to have patience. I say this because you can’t expect to get the results overnight. Last, but not the least, you will need to opt for creative and informative blogs that your readers will find interest in. So, instead of wandering hither and thither you need to start working now with online sites and make money in the process.

Construct Traffic With Blogs; Be Creative!

When I first started to try and make money online by blogging I thought that the easiest way to do so would be to have a single, powerful blog that got thousands or tens of thousands of visitors every day. However, I soon learned that this was exceedingly more challenging in to accomplish than to imagine. Today, I feel the best way to make money blogging is to run many, smaller niche blogs. This guide will discuss a few of the benefits of owning many niche blogs.

It is possible to gently make the initial contact. It doesn’t matter if you are a man or a woman; you could make the first contact using these flirts, winks and nudges. It is pretty exciting to flirt in this manner and see what you return. It is possible to take the communication to the next level and see where it takes you.

Bloggers who have a vast range of Food also usually face difficulty in building back links for their blogs. As you know, various link generating methods, whether by conducting article submissions or by discussion commenting, all require continuous efforts on your part. You need to spend enough time in addition to energy to create adequate back links for each of your blogging website.

We are also always on the lookout for beauty and skin care treatments that make the most of our resources. For instance, what sort of exfoliant should you use and how frequently? Should you use an exfoliant whatsoever? How about the best product to reduce the size and look of enlarged pores? A good blog should also have the ability to direct you to information on diet and how it affects the look of your skin.

Popularity. Don’t pick a topic that doesn’t get over a thousand searches per day. Despite the fact that you can earn money with less traffic, if you’re going to spend time working on a job, think long term — as long as you stick online blogs to the plan, you’ll be fine.

Updating your blog is extremely simple. You do not need to learn any complex web programming languages in any respect. For as long as you know how you way around the internet, you can definitely create blogs. And the more blogs you’ve got and the more frequent you update them, the better marketing position your product gets. And that’s basically how you can earn through blogging.

And so I grrrrrrrrrr to myself, tear my hair out, and continue to blog. Yes I duplicate stuff that is on my business site, and articles I submit for submission, and I ad links to my own writing especially when it’s published professionally.

If this is the first time you’re ever going to make a blog on your own, you don’t have to think twice. There are many free blog sites over the net that you can possibly start with. Try to learn the intricacies of blogging. When you have had the feel of it, you should be ready to get things working for you!

Making Money With Your Blogs

It’s true I have a”regular” website, my so-called”main website,” which I first set up to sell my goods, in this case, men’s and women’s health products. It’s my workhorse, the source of most of my earnings. The majority of my sales resulted from generic listings in the search engines, particularly Google.

This is a good way to become rich online, as it has great potential in contrast to normal retailers. Online shops open your business up to larger markets. You’re able to offer goods cheaper as you have no store running costs. In reality your running costs will be substantially lower than store fronts. Also by setting up an online store you’re devoting yourself to less danger, therefore it is the ideal platform for small businesses looking to grow.

Search engines tend to like promo and give them a great rating which makes them easier for people to find. Because of this blogs have turned into a format that’s now used by big names in titles online. Companies are even switching to blog formats or adding them to their existing websites.

Odds of finding a person are extremely high. Most online dating sites have millions of members, which means you have ready access to them all when you access the sites. You can search, start communicating, find dates and friends, and enjoy the interaction with other people. Regardless of what you are looking for, you are sure to find it.

Some internet marketers have mailing lists. To entice you into joining these mailing list they’ll give away a free e-book or movie – combine a few really great lists and read, or watch the free material you become.

You can literally blog about anything and everything you can imagine. Cooking, weight loss, being a stay at home mother, marketing, celebrity gossip, photography, and business online blogs are simply a couple examples but the possibilities are truly endless.

These are great”in between” posts as they are so short. They usually are between 250 and 450 words, (an exception to the 500-750 words that your usual blogs should be). Just find a excellent bit of new info to share with your audience and post it as a quick tip. The tip needs to be concentrated on one key area of a niche and give just enough detail to answer a issue or make life easier for the reader.

Reserve early, confirm your plans, and make certain you have a receipt in hand as well as 24/7 customer support numbers. This will ensure that you could travel with peace of mind.

Making Money From Blogs Doesn’t Have To Be A Difficult Process

With the growth of blogs in the world of online marketing, site creation is changing a lot. Now websites are continuously updated and read more like papers than classic websites. There are blogs for every possible niche you could imagine. So how do you cash in on this growing web of blogs? In the next article I am going to discuss guest posting that’s a great new way to get a ton of traffic to your site. Keep reading to now the best way to find sites to guest post on and boost your traffic.

The term blog is a shortened term for web-log. Food started as an online program that allowed users to post their thoughts and personal musings. The appeal quickly grew because unlike sites which demanded (and still do) time to upload and hours to update blogs are updated in real time.

Have a look at the websites for major magazines that appeal to your target customer. Lots of them have sites (which should be a clear target for you) BUT many of those sites also list their favorite blogs. For example: Martha Stewart has a”Blogs I Like” section on her website. Shoot, if it is good enough for Martha, it’s probably good enough for you.

Sure, this can be a sound argument depending on a person and their unique business situation. I don’t believe there’s a one-sized fits all publicity approach for each enterprise.

Be a speaker – Bloggers who made it big online blogs are often requested by companies to speak on their training seminars. A few of these include writing companies that want their writers to be learn blogging approaches.

Money making forums could be great. Even though most people will be entirely new like you there will be some people making some pretty great money willing to help you. Don’t start posting and asking questions straight away. Take some time to understand the culture and to go through all the threads and posts.

Remember what we’ve learned in this 7 part mini-series: Be careful, do not was your money! Content is king! Loyalty builds trust! And the possibilities are limitless when you combine”Money to Be Made Online” with all the opportunities out there!

Writing Weblogs For Cash Can Set You Totally Free

Some individuals use weblogs just for fun or simply simply because it’s their hobby and don’t know yet the monetary advantages that can be accomplished by performing it. Running a blog is one of the most efficient and effective methods to make cash on-line. If you adore to write, and adore to express your ideas or thoughts or just something you want to share through creating then, this means creating cash on-line may be good for you. But wait, running a blog is not as easy as you are considering. Just like any other techniques utilized to make cash online, it requires abilities, patience, enthusiasm, and difficult function.

You will also require to discover and use Seo, or search engine optimization. Making your blog or posts rank higher in lookup motor outcomes will improve your probabilities of making money online. Seo is not as difficult as you might believe it is. You can start by writing original content material and then creating articles that you can publish as basic text content material of your Check me out. Thus, creating your blog and posts work with each other, as generate relevant visitors to one an additional.

Maintenance Totally free, Spam totally free and Economical – With so many viruses on the operate email messages, ezines are filtered out with Spam filters. This is not the situation with the weblogs, because they are not delivered to the people. Blogs are created and published by way of downsized blog softwares, which are also extremely easy to use and maintain. What’s much more, you do not have to checklist your weblogs in contrast to ezines or newsletters on the server, and therefore you can conserve money on running and sustaining a blog.

Low competition. Don’t choose a topic that is outrageously aggressive, like “online radio”. Verify the 2nd web page of Google results to see if the competition is as well intense. Probabilities are, if you can make it to the 2nd web page, in the long-phrase you can make it to the initial. Especially if you adhere to the below directions.

There are several income sharing websites that share their income with their writers. They will location Google ads about your posts and when someone clicks you get a percentage. Most online blogs sites pay fifty%25. Some spend much less and some pay much more. A couple of great revenue sharing websites are ehow, triond, flixya, helium and associated content material. If you write enough articles you can make a good side earnings.

Websites are much more costly to produce and maintain than blogs. Unless you are skilled with using HTML code, understand CSS scripts and how to use FTP, you will no question have to employ a webmaster to consider treatment of these things for you. This of program expenses cash. Any future modifications will also incur additional costs which could make possessing a web site less appealing for numerous.

In summation, those are my leading three suggestions to earning money with blogs. I believe that if a person is devoted and willing to place in the time, anyone can earn a four determine income every thirty day period from their running a blog activities.

How You Can Use Blogs To Generate Visitors For Your Website

Everyday there is some sort of news about criminal acts on the Web and particularly violating our kids. Most recently in the news I noticed an post exactly where there was a “Facebook child abuse image ring.” I mean what in the globe is incorrect with these individuals. Now the criminals are coming into our homes through the Internet. As parents we have to be in a position fight this issue by educating our children and keeping all traces of communication open.

You will also require to learn and use Search engine optimization, or lookup motor optimization. Making your blog or articles rank greater in lookup engine outcomes will improve your chances of making cash online. Search engine optimization is not as tough as you may think it is. You can begin by creating original content and then making articles that you can post as fundamental text content material of your q&a. Therefore, creating your blog and articles work with every other, as generate relevant traffic to one an additional.

Personal Blogs can be produced for totally free and some even custom designed (For a small fee that is). They have various templates and different formats something to fulfill everyone. The fee ranges from $2.99 and up and can be paid monthly or annually; Depending on the individual’s preference.

Websites are much more costly to create and preserve than online blogs. Unless you are skilled with using HTML code, comprehend CSS scripts and how to use FTP, you will no question have to hire a webmaster to consider care of these things for you. This of program expenses money. Any long term modifications will also incur additional expenses which could make owning a website much less appealing for many.

A great concept is to read and subscribe to online weblogs and articles related in your market. By doing this you open yourself up to new information and possibilities.

Although these require a little bit of preparation, they can be extremely beneficial to your blog. You can job interview somebody in your niche and share the results of the interview with your weblog readers. This will not only help offer beneficial content material for your weblog, but you can also get much more visitors to it. Most likely, the person who you are interviewing will publicize the occasion on their blog or web site and so you get much more exposure throughout the internet which in turn will bring more related visitors back again to you.

So here is the genuine offer, repair your non secular lifestyle before you go on a journey to repair any other region of your lifestyle. Didn’t Jesus say to initial seek the kingdom and every thing else shall be additional? Exactly where and how did we miss or forget that? Allow’s get it correct, repair your spirit. Plain and simple. We can beat around the bush another thirty years but in the finish there it is again. The issue is in the spirit realm. Get in touch with your maker, make your peace with Him and get back again to God Almighty. He has been waiting for you.

Posts navigation

1 2 3 4 5 6 508 509 510
Scroll to top